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Hemptons Organic Hemp Seed Oil 200ml

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Hemptons Hemp seed oil is made from organically grown non-GMO Seeds, it is not Irradiated and provides a convenient, live, whole Food Product, that is a complete, raw plant protein with all 20 Amino Acids and the 9 essential Amino acids that are crucial for good health and overall well- being. With branched chain Amino acids (BCAAs) and antioxidant factors with Tocopherols, Tocotrienols and Chlorophyll, Hemptons Hemp protein powder is easily digested, gluten- & lactose-free, making it ideal for Vegans and Vegetarians..


Nutritional Facts - per 100ml serving

Amount - % Daily Value

Calories 820 (3450 kJ), Calories from Fat 820 (3450 kJ), Total Fat 92g - 142%, Saturated 8g - 40%, Polyunsaturated 71g, Omega 6 54g, Omega 3 17g, Monounsaturated 10g, Cholesterol 0g - 0%, Sodium 0%, Potassium 0%, Charbohydrates 0%, Proteins 0%, Vitamin E 60%

 


Fatty Acid

Weight g - % Daily Value

Linoleic Acid (LA) (Omega 6) 50.91g - 55.77%, Alpha Linolenic Acid (ALA) (Omega 3) 16.73g - 18.33%, Oleic Acid (Omega 9) 9.42g - 10.32%, Palmitic Acid 5.29g - 5.79%, Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA) (Omega 6) 3.63g - 3.98%, Stearic Acid 2.08g - 2.28%, Stearidonic Acid (SDA) (Omega 3) 1.08g - 1.18%, Arachidic Acid 0.72g - 0.79%, Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) 0.41g -0.45%, C18:1 Cis Isomers 0.33g - 0.36%, Behenic Acid 0.26g - 0.28%, C20:1 Cis -11-Eicosenoic 0.24g - 0.26%, Lignoceric Acid 0.12g - 0.13%, Myristic Acid 0.07g - 0.08%


Each 15ml (1 Tablespoon) contains the following Essential Fatty Acids:

Linoleic Acid (Omega 6)

Alpha Linolenic Acid (Omega 3) p>

Oleic Acid (Omega 9)

Palmitic Acid

 

Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA)

Stearic Acid

Octadecatetraenoic Acid

Eicosenoic Acid

Behenic Acid


Suggested Daily Dosage :

Adults: 1 to 2 tablespoons a day (approximately 1 tablespoon per 45Kgs of body weight)*

Children over 14 months: 2 to 4 teaspoons*

Babies under 14 months: 1 to 2 teaspoons a day*

* Always taken with food

This amount should provide between 8 to 16 grams of Omega 6 EFA and between 3 to 6 grams of Omega 3 EFA in a normal adult body.


Storage Suggestions :

Due to the high content of precious fragile EFAs, Hemp Seed Oil should never be used for frying or cooking, however it can be poured over pasta to give extra flavour. It may be used straight (1-2 tablespoons per day, or as directed by a doctor) or in place of all other vegetable oils i.e. salad dressings, sauces, marinades and low temperature cooking (below 25 °C).

Hemptons' organic Hemp Seed oil is cold-pressed at temperatures below 20? Celsius in an oxygen-free environment and nitrogen capped to maintain freshness.

Hemp Seed Oil requires cool and dark storage conditions - it is the very thing that makes Hemp Seed Oil such a valuable product that makes it vulnerable to spoilage - its high Essential Fatty Content content.

An opened container will last for ten- to twelve weeks in the refrigerator but should optimally be used within one- to two weeks.

An unopened container can be stored indefinitely in the deep freezer and one year in the refrigerator.

An unopened container can last four to six weeks if stored below temperatures of 25° Celsius and away from direct sunlight.


More about Hemptons Hemp seed oil


Hemp Seed Oil is recognized by the World Health Organization as a natural anti-oxidant and the only balanced (perfect 3:1 ratio of Omega 6 to Omega 3) source of Essential Fatty Acids (EFAs) and is also a good source of Gamma-Linolenic Acid (GLA).

Hemp Seed Oil should be taken daily because EFAs support the cardiovascular, reproductive, immune and nervous systems. Essential Fatty Acids are also needed for proper growth in children, particularly for neural development and maturation of sensory systems, with male children having higher needs than females. Foetuses and breast-fed infants also require an adequate supply of EFAs through the mother's dietary intake.

While there are many sources for Omega-3 PUFA in the diet, Hemp Seed Oil is exceptionally rich in these compounds, which are usually present in the nutritionally optimal ratio of Omega-6 to Omega-3 PUFA (LA to LNA) of 3:1 (Erasmus, 1999). LA concentrations normally range from 52-62% of total fatty acid composition while LNA concentrations ranges from 12-23%.

The proportions of EFAs in Hemp matches the ratios that have been determined by nutritionists to be most beneficial to human nutrition. Hemp seed oil contains omega 6 and Omega 3 EFAs in an ideal long term ratio of three to one (3:1). It also provides the derivative Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA). Its content of GLA makes it unique among edible seed oils. No other common seed contains GLA. Hemp seed oil's unusually well balanced profile means that one could use it for a lifetime without ever suffering an EFA deficiency.


What's so Great about EFAs?


You need EFAs in your diet more than any other vitamin. Many researchers are linking EFA deficiencies with a variety of degenerative diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, skin afflictions, multiple sclerosis, PMS, behavioral problems, poor wound healing, arthritis, glandular atrophy, weakened immune functions and sterility (especially males). Lack of oxygen is a key factor in degenerative diseases and EFAs help bring oxygen into our system. EFAs serve what seems to be an unending list of vital functions in the body. Here's a sample of some of them:

Our body uses EFAs to construct membranes, create electrical potentials and move electric currents.

Their tendency to disperse gives biological systems the power to carry substances such as toxins to the surface of the skin, intestinal tract, kidneys, or lungs, where these substances can be discarded.

The chemical reactions on which life depends require a one-way movement of energy through molecules. EFAs play an important role in this function.

EFAs facilitate the recovery of fatigued muscles after exercise.

EFAs are precursors of prostaglandin's, hormone-like substances that regulate many functions of cells in all tissues.

EFAs are found around the hereditary material in our chromosomes, where they may play a part in maintaining chromosome stability and may have functions in starting and stopping gene expression.

EFAs help our immune system resist and fight infections and prevent allergies from developing.

EFAs are necessary for the development of brain and nerve cells and for healthy liver function.

Overall, EFAs are involved with producing life energy throughout our systems. They govern growth, vitality and mental state. They hook up oxygen, electron transport and energy in the process of oxidation. Oxidation, the central and most important moment-to-moment living process in our body, is the "burning" of food to produce the energy required for life processes. EFAs govern the life processes in our bodies. Life without them is impossible. When our foods are EFA-poor, we can expect a diversity of health problems.


The additional naturally occurring products in Hemp Seed Oil


As a result of the change in human dietary habits within the past century, the intake of trans fatty acids has increased dramatically. Studies have shown conclusively that trans fatty acids increase total cholesterol levels and diminish the levels of ''good'' high density lipo-protein (HDL). By supplementing the diet with high levels of unsaturated cis fatty acids, some of these negative effects can be reversed (Erasmus,1999). With respect to modern diets, the amount of LA consumed compared to the amount of LNA consumed has increased exceptionallyin the past 100-150 years (Simopoulos, 1994). This disparity has disrupted the proper balance of dietary essential fatty acids that is considered nutritionally optimal. In addition to the lack of these essential fatty acids in the diet, factors such as stress and disease weaken the enzymatic activity that promotes the conversion of LA to GLA (Deferne & Pate, 1996). Therefore, a supplementation of LA can be helpful to alleviate this potential deficiency.

In an ideal diet, the daily consumption of fats should not exceed 15-20% of total caloric intake. Approximately one-third of these fats should be the Essential Fatty Acids in their proper ratio. For a 2500 calorie/day diet, LA intake should be 9-18 grams/day, and LNA intake should be 6-7 g/day (Erasmus, 1999). This goal can easily be accomplished through the daily consumption of 3 to 5 tablespoons of Hemp Seed Oil. Although these are the ideal amounts to maintain a healthy, balanced diet, certain stresses to the body warrant increased consumption of Essential Fatty Acids, particularly the Omega-3 PUFA such as LNA.

Omega-3 PUFA have been reported to have an inhibitory effect on cancer and tumour growth. Increased consumption of Omega-3 PUFA have not been shown to exhibit any negative side effects, but their beneficial qualities have been repeatedly confirmed. In addition to their anti-cancer properties, Omega-3 PUFA have been shown to lower blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels, help normalize fat metabolism and decrease insulin dependence in diabetics, increase overall metabolic rate and membrane fluidity and exhibit anti-inflammatory properties, specifically with regard to relieving arthritis (Erasmus, 1999).

The benefits of Omega-3 PUFA are not only present when taken in large quantities but the regular intake of recommended levels (2-2.5% of caloric intake/day) can be sufficient to provide many of its nutritional qualities.

The essential role of LA and LNA in the human diet is related to both the inter-mediary and end products that they become through several biochemical pathways. LA is metabolized to GLA and subsequently Arachidonic Acid (AA). LNA is metabolized to both Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA) and Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) (Simopoulos, 1994). EPA and AA are metabolized by the body into Eicosanoids.

These compounds ultimately become the Prostaglandins which affect such varied functions as blood clotting, inflammation response, and immune-regulation (Erasmus, 1999). During the synthesis of Prostaglandins from AA and EPA, there is a biochemical competition within the cell membrane (Simopoulos, 1994). The AA has a tendency to move out of the cell membrane and form type 2 Prostaglandins. EPA tends to promote the retention of AA within cell membranes, thereby preventing the formation of the unwanted type 2 Prostaglandins (Erasmus, 1999). When the ratio of the initial starting compounds is shifted in favour of LA however, it becomes more difficult for the products from LNA to sufficiently promote the retention of AA within the cell membrane. The resultant increase in type 2 Prostaglandin production leads to increased platelet aggregation and inflammation (Erasmus, 1999). The benefits of having the proper ratios of fatty acids, with respect to the metabolized products of LA and LNA, are the production of the proper amounts of Prostanoids and Leukotrienes which have anti-thrombotic, anti-vasoconstrictive and anti-inflammatory properties (Simopoulos, 1994).

Cannabidiol (CBD) has also been found to be present in Hemp Seed Oil as well. Although not explicitly produced within the seed, traces of Cannabinoid "contamination" have been reported to result from the pressing of the oil. The presence of CBD is significant because it has documented anti-convulsive, anti-epileptic, anti-cancer and anti-microbial properties. Although the levels of CBD in the oil are typically small, many health benefits may still be gained from its presence.

While many studies exist which base the nutritional value of Hemp Seed Oil primarily on its fatty acid content, there are other constituents which are contained within the oil that possess beneficial properties as well. Natural products such as ß-sitosterol and Methyl Salicylate and Terpenes complement the nutritious value of Hemp Seed Oil and increases its effectiveness as a functional food.

Hemp Seed Oil has a high content of the enzyme lipase, which is a superior non-invasive chelation therapy for removing plaque build-up (undigested protein and cholesterol) from arteries and cell membrane.

As mentioned before, Hemp Seed Oil is mostly known for its high quality and quantity Essential Fatty Acids. However, the oil also contain other natural occurring products. These natural products, such as Cannabidiol, ß-Caryophyllene, Myrcene, ß-Sitosterol, a/?-Tocopherol,and Methyl Salicylate may confer further health benefits to Hemp Seed Oil in addition to fatty acids.

Cannabidiol

Pharmacological Properties of Cannabidiol. Cannabidiol (CBD) has been shown to possess several desirable pharmacological proper ties which are exhibited in absence of the psychoactive properties of THC (Karler & Turkanis, 1981), which are usually associated with the cannabinoids. Although the levels of CBD normal detected in the oil is low, normally at 10 mg/kg, its presence could still provide some benefit. CBD has been reported to reduce tremors in dystonic movement disorders with minimal side effects (Consroe et al., 1986). Patients receiving doses of CBD ranging from 100-600 mg/day had tremor reductions of 20-50% (Consroe et al., 1986). The anticonvulsant and anti-epileptic activity of CBD has also been well documented (Karler et al., 1973; Karler & Turkanis, 1981). CBD has been found to be relatively selective with respect to the central nervous system (CNS), in contrast to THC (Karler & Turkanis, 1981). Its anti-convulsant activity is on the same order of magnitude of THC, but unlike THC, it lacks psychoactivity. CBD's added efficacy as an anti-epileptic, without the associated side effects of psycho-activity, give it great pharmacological potential.

Analgesic and anti-inflammatory potential has been reported in studies as well (Formukong et al., 1988). CBD has been shown to inhibit both the induction of phenyl benzoquinone (PBQ) induced writhing and tetradecanoyl phorbol-acetate (TPA) induced erythema (Formukong et al., 1988). The mechanism by which CBD achieves its anti-inflammatory properties is possibly related toits effect on arachidonate metabolism (Formukong et al., 1988).

Anti-microbial activity has also been reported for CBD. Specifically, CBD has been shown to inhibit the growth in Gram-positive bacteria such as Streptomyces griseus and Staphylococcus aureus (Ferenczy et al. 1958).

ß-Sitosterol

Another component of Hemp Seed Oil with several reported activities is ß-sitosterol. Although studies have primarily demonstrated the efficacy of ß-sitosterol in reducing hypercholesterolemia, additional anti-viral, anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory properties have been studied and observed (Malini & Vanithakumari, 1990).

Plant sterols have been known to affect plasma cholesterol levels by blocking cholesterol absorption through crystallization and co-precipitation (Mattson et al., 1982). Within the intestinal lumen, phytosterols reduce cholesterol solubility by excluding it from micelles, thereby preventing its absorption. In addition, competition exists between the sterols and cholesterol for uptake into the intestinal mucosa (Lees et al., 1977). A quantitative representation of this can be seen in human studies.

Patients given 500 mg of cholesterol daily in their diets in addition to 1 g of ß-Sitosterol showed decreased cholesterol absorption. Mean reduction levels were 42%, demonstrating the efficacy of ß-Sitosterol even at low concentrations (Mattson et al., 1982

ß-Sitosterol seems to be particularly effective in cholesterol uptake inhibition, especially when delivered through dietary fats (Lees et al., 1977; Mattson et al., 1982). No appreciable decreases in efficacy were observed, even with long-term administration (Lees et al., 1977). In addition, lack of toxicity and little, or no side effects have been attributed to ß-Sitosterol, making it an attractive option for long-term cholesterol reducing therapy (Lees et al., 1977; Mattson et al., 1982).

Although not studied as extensively as its hypocholesterolemic properties, relevant anti-viral and anti-inflammatory activities of ß-sitosterol have been shown. Isolated ethanolic extracts of Hedychium spicatum containing ß-Sitosterolshowed anti-inflammatory activity (Sharma et al., 1975).

Tocopherols

Anti-oxidant properties of Tocopherol s have been known and exploited for some time. Traditional supplementation of Tocopherol s has primarily focused on its a form. Many plants however, including hemp, tend to have significantly higher levels of ?-Tocopherol . Although both exhibit antioxidant activity, their differing metabolic paths confer other specific activities to their respective isomeric forms.

a-Tocopherol is the primary (usually exclusive) Tocopherol in formulated vitamin E supplements. It is preferentially secreted into plasma as opposed to ?-Tocopherol which tends to be found in the intestine (Stone & Papas, 1997). It is a-Tocopherol's concentration in the plasma that gives it properties other than that of an antioxidant. a-Tocopherol may induce increased membrane fluidity through intercalation between fatty acyl chains in the membrane bilayer (Berlin et al.1992). Data suggests that there is a direct correlation between increased fluidity and a-Tocopherol content in the membrane (Berlin et al., 1992).

The biological activity of a-Tocopherol tends to be significantly higher than Y-Tocopherol as a result of its greater affinity to be secreted by the liver into very-low density lipoproteins (Stone & Papas, 1997).

 

This increased bioactivity does not however, make a-Tocopherol a more effective antioxidant; ?-Tocopherol inhibits phosphatidylcholinehydroperoxide formation more effectively at low peroxynitrite concentrations than does a-Tocopherol (Wolf, 1997). ?-Tocopherol has been shown to have significant antioxidant effects in vitro even at concentrations less than 50 ppm (Lampi, Hopia, & Piironen, 1997). In addition, Y-Tocopherol is overall more effective in protecting against coronary heart disease, as compared to a-Tocopherol supplementation (Wolf, 1997).

Perhaps the most interesting activity of Y-Tocopherol which has not yet been widely studied, is its ability to act as an anti-cancer agent, specifically with respect to colon cancer. Because ?-Tocopherol is secreted via the bile into the intestine and faecal material, it can inhibit lipid peroxidation and reduce the formation of mutagenic peroxidation products in the bowel (Stone & Papas, 1997). Ultimately, by being excreted into the colon, as opposed to being active in the plasma, Y-Tocopherol is able to minimize DNA damage caused by reactive nitrogen oxide species (Stone & Papas, 1997).

Within Hemp Seed Oil, Y-Tocopherol is present in significantly higher quantities than a-Tocopherol . They both however, play an important role as antioxidants in their respective physiological systems.

 

Terpenes

 

The presence of several terpenes were confirmed in the oil, the most abundant of which were ß-caryophyllene and myrcene which were found at 740 mg/L and 160 mg/L, respectively. The Terpene compounds are primarily found in the essential oil of Hemp rather than in the seed oil (Hendriks et al., 1978), as a result of their production in the glandular structures on the aerial portions of the plant. These terpenes impart Hemp with its characteristic smell.

Some pharmacological properties of ß-caryophyllene are anti-inflammatory and cytoprotective activities. In addition, it has been reported that myrcene exhibits anti-oxidant properties (Duke, 1999).

The presence of ß-caryophyllene and myrcene, even if only present as contamination components, add beneficial value to an already nutritionally important food product.

Methyl Salicylate (Oil of Wintergreen)

The medical benefits of plant salicylates have been enjoyed by people for centuries. Today aspirin or acetylsalicylic acid, a close relative of methyl salicylate, is one of the most widely used drugs in the world because of its antipyretic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. Once injected, methyl salicylate can be hydrolyzed to salicylic acid, a common active ingredient of aspirin and most other salicylates. Thus, pharmacological effects of methyl salicylate are similar to those of aspirin. Also, millions of people regularly take low doses of salicylates (aspirin) to reduce the risk of heart attacks, strokes and cancer. Methyl salicylate deserves particular attention as a beneficial component of Hemp Seed Oil, even if present in trace quantities.

Vegan - Vegetarian - Preservative Free - Organic

Hemptons are a Johannesburg based company that have been manufacturing natural and organic Hemp based nutritional supplements, foods and body care since 2004.

Shipping
Small Items 5kg and under R75, Medium sized 5kg - 15kg R150, Large bulk orders 15kg and above R200. Shipping times 2 - 15 working days. There can on occasions be unforeseen courier delays. Please note : Some seeds can have a delay of up to 3 weeks. We rely on our suppliers for up to date stock lists. On rare occasion there can be stock lists provided that are inaccurate we will then gladly offer an alternative or better deal or your money back in full no questions asked. 

   

2 - 15 days delivery. We cannot be held responsible for courier delays. Some seeds can have a delay of up to 3 weeks. We buy in bulk and offer wholesale prices direct to the public to bring the best offers and the lowest prices. We rely on our suppliers for up to date stock lists. On rare occasion there can be stock lists provided that are inaccurate we will then gladly offer an alternative or better deal or your money back in full no questions asked.

Returns are easy, simply contact us for a returns number and send your item to our returns centre for fast processing. We'll get you a replacement or refund in a snap!

Here are 5 more great reasons to buy from us:

so
   

You get a full 15 days to return your item to us. If it is in original, unused condition send it back to us and we'll cheerfully refund you every cent.

Returns are easy, simply contact us for a returns number and send your item to our returns centre for fast processing. We'll get you a replacement or refund in a snap!

In the unlikely event that you find your item cheaper at another online store, just let us know and we'll do our best to beat the competitor's pricing hands-down.

We insist that you love everything you buy from us. If you're unhappy for any reason whatsoever, just let us know and we'll bend over backwards to make things right again.

Ordering from Seedleme is 100% safe and secure so you can rest easy. Your personal details are never shared, sold or rented to anyone either.

Hemptons Hemp seed oil is made from organically grown non-GMO Seeds, it is not Irradiated and provides a convenient, live, whole Food Product, that is a complete, raw plant protein with all 20 Amino Acids and the 9 essential Amino acids that are crucial for good health and overall well- being. With branched chain Amino acids (BCAAs) and antioxidant factors with Tocopherols, Tocotrienols and Chlorophyll, Hemptons Hemp protein powder is easily digested, gluten- & lactose-free, making it ideal for Vegans and Vegetarians..


Nutritional Facts - per 100ml serving

Amount - % Daily Value

Calories 820 (3450 kJ), Calories from Fat 820 (3450 kJ), Total Fat 92g - 142%, Saturated 8g - 40%, Polyunsaturated 71g, Omega 6 54g, Omega 3 17g, Monounsaturated 10g, Cholesterol 0g - 0%, Sodium 0%, Potassium 0%, Charbohydrates 0%, Proteins 0%, Vitamin E 60%

 


Fatty Acid

Weight g - % Daily Value

Linoleic Acid (LA) (Omega 6) 50.91g - 55.77%, Alpha Linolenic Acid (ALA) (Omega 3) 16.73g - 18.33%, Oleic Acid (Omega 9) 9.42g - 10.32%, Palmitic Acid 5.29g - 5.79%, Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA) (Omega 6) 3.63g - 3.98%, Stearic Acid 2.08g - 2.28%, Stearidonic Acid (SDA) (Omega 3) 1.08g - 1.18%, Arachidic Acid 0.72g - 0.79%, Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) 0.41g -0.45%, C18:1 Cis Isomers 0.33g - 0.36%, Behenic Acid 0.26g - 0.28%, C20:1 Cis -11-Eicosenoic 0.24g - 0.26%, Lignoceric Acid 0.12g - 0.13%, Myristic Acid 0.07g - 0.08%


Each 15ml (1 Tablespoon) contains the following Essential Fatty Acids:

Linoleic Acid (Omega 6)

Alpha Linolenic Acid (Omega 3) p>

Oleic Acid (Omega 9)

Palmitic Acid

 

Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA)

Stearic Acid

Octadecatetraenoic Acid

Eicosenoic Acid

Behenic Acid


Suggested Daily Dosage :

Adults: 1 to 2 tablespoons a day (approximately 1 tablespoon per 45Kgs of body weight)*

Children over 14 months: 2 to 4 teaspoons*

Babies under 14 months: 1 to 2 teaspoons a day*

* Always taken with food

This amount should provide between 8 to 16 grams of Omega 6 EFA and between 3 to 6 grams of Omega 3 EFA in a normal adult body.


Storage Suggestions :

Due to the high content of precious fragile EFAs, Hemp Seed Oil should never be used for frying or cooking, however it can be poured over pasta to give extra flavour. It may be used straight (1-2 tablespoons per day, or as directed by a doctor) or in place of all other vegetable oils i.e. salad dressings, sauces, marinades and low temperature cooking (below 25 °C).

Hemptons' organic Hemp Seed oil is cold-pressed at temperatures below 20? Celsius in an oxygen-free environment and nitrogen capped to maintain freshness.

Hemp Seed Oil requires cool and dark storage conditions - it is the very thing that makes Hemp Seed Oil such a valuable product that makes it vulnerable to spoilage - its high Essential Fatty Content content.

An opened container will last for ten- to twelve weeks in the refrigerator but should optimally be used within one- to two weeks.

An unopened container can be stored indefinitely in the deep freezer and one year in the refrigerator.

An unopened container can last four to six weeks if stored below temperatures of 25° Celsius and away from direct sunlight.


More about Hemptons Hemp seed oil


Hemp Seed Oil is recognized by the World Health Organization as a natural anti-oxidant and the only balanced (perfect 3:1 ratio of Omega 6 to Omega 3) source of Essential Fatty Acids (EFAs) and is also a good source of Gamma-Linolenic Acid (GLA).

Hemp Seed Oil should be taken daily because EFAs support the cardiovascular, reproductive, immune and nervous systems. Essential Fatty Acids are also needed for proper growth in children, particularly for neural development and maturation of sensory systems, with male children having higher needs than females. Foetuses and breast-fed infants also require an adequate supply of EFAs through the mother's dietary intake.

While there are many sources for Omega-3 PUFA in the diet, Hemp Seed Oil is exceptionally rich in these compounds, which are usually present in the nutritionally optimal ratio of Omega-6 to Omega-3 PUFA (LA to LNA) of 3:1 (Erasmus, 1999). LA concentrations normally range from 52-62% of total fatty acid composition while LNA concentrations ranges from 12-23%.

The proportions of EFAs in Hemp matches the ratios that have been determined by nutritionists to be most beneficial to human nutrition. Hemp seed oil contains omega 6 and Omega 3 EFAs in an ideal long term ratio of three to one (3:1). It also provides the derivative Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA). Its content of GLA makes it unique among edible seed oils. No other common seed contains GLA. Hemp seed oil's unusually well balanced profile means that one could use it for a lifetime without ever suffering an EFA deficiency.


What's so Great about EFAs?


You need EFAs in your diet more than any other vitamin. Many researchers are linking EFA deficiencies with a variety of degenerative diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, skin afflictions, multiple sclerosis, PMS, behavioral problems, poor wound healing, arthritis, glandular atrophy, weakened immune functions and sterility (especially males). Lack of oxygen is a key factor in degenerative diseases and EFAs help bring oxygen into our system. EFAs serve what seems to be an unending list of vital functions in the body. Here's a sample of some of them:

Our body uses EFAs to construct membranes, create electrical potentials and move electric currents.

Their tendency to disperse gives biological systems the power to carry substances such as toxins to the surface of the skin, intestinal tract, kidneys, or lungs, where these substances can be discarded.

The chemical reactions on which life depends require a one-way movement of energy through molecules. EFAs play an important role in this function.

EFAs facilitate the recovery of fatigued muscles after exercise.

EFAs are precursors of prostaglandin's, hormone-like substances that regulate many functions of cells in all tissues.

EFAs are found around the hereditary material in our chromosomes, where they may play a part in maintaining chromosome stability and may have functions in starting and stopping gene expression.

EFAs help our immune system resist and fight infections and prevent allergies from developing.

EFAs are necessary for the development of brain and nerve cells and for healthy liver function.

Overall, EFAs are involved with producing life energy throughout our systems. They govern growth, vitality and mental state. They hook up oxygen, electron transport and energy in the process of oxidation. Oxidation, the central and most important moment-to-moment living process in our body, is the "burning" of food to produce the energy required for life processes. EFAs govern the life processes in our bodies. Life without them is impossible. When our foods are EFA-poor, we can expect a diversity of health problems.


The additional naturally occurring products in Hemp Seed Oil


As a result of the change in human dietary habits within the past century, the intake of trans fatty acids has increased dramatically. Studies have shown conclusively that trans fatty acids increase total cholesterol levels and diminish the levels of ''good'' high density lipo-protein (HDL). By supplementing the diet with high levels of unsaturated cis fatty acids, some of these negative effects can be reversed (Erasmus,1999). With respect to modern diets, the amount of LA consumed compared to the amount of LNA consumed has increased exceptionallyin the past 100-150 years (Simopoulos, 1994). This disparity has disrupted the proper balance of dietary essential fatty acids that is considered nutritionally optimal. In addition to the lack of these essential fatty acids in the diet, factors such as stress and disease weaken the enzymatic activity that promotes the conversion of LA to GLA (Deferne & Pate, 1996). Therefore, a supplementation of LA can be helpful to alleviate this potential deficiency.

In an ideal diet, the daily consumption of fats should not exceed 15-20% of total caloric intake. Approximately one-third of these fats should be the Essential Fatty Acids in their proper ratio. For a 2500 calorie/day diet, LA intake should be 9-18 grams/day, and LNA intake should be 6-7 g/day (Erasmus, 1999). This goal can easily be accomplished through the daily consumption of 3 to 5 tablespoons of Hemp Seed Oil. Although these are the ideal amounts to maintain a healthy, balanced diet, certain stresses to the body warrant increased consumption of Essential Fatty Acids, particularly the Omega-3 PUFA such as LNA.

Omega-3 PUFA have been reported to have an inhibitory effect on cancer and tumour growth. Increased consumption of Omega-3 PUFA have not been shown to exhibit any negative side effects, but their beneficial qualities have been repeatedly confirmed. In addition to their anti-cancer properties, Omega-3 PUFA have been shown to lower blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels, help normalize fat metabolism and decrease insulin dependence in diabetics, increase overall metabolic rate and membrane fluidity and exhibit anti-inflammatory properties, specifically with regard to relieving arthritis (Erasmus, 1999).

The benefits of Omega-3 PUFA are not only present when taken in large quantities but the regular intake of recommended levels (2-2.5% of caloric intake/day) can be sufficient to provide many of its nutritional qualities.

The essential role of LA and LNA in the human diet is related to both the inter-mediary and end products that they become through several biochemical pathways. LA is metabolized to GLA and subsequently Arachidonic Acid (AA). LNA is metabolized to both Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA) and Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) (Simopoulos, 1994). EPA and AA are metabolized by the body into Eicosanoids.

These compounds ultimately become the Prostaglandins which affect such varied functions as blood clotting, inflammation response, and immune-regulation (Erasmus, 1999). During the synthesis of Prostaglandins from AA and EPA, there is a biochemical competition within the cell membrane (Simopoulos, 1994). The AA has a tendency to move out of the cell membrane and form type 2 Prostaglandins. EPA tends to promote the retention of AA within cell membranes, thereby preventing the formation of the unwanted type 2 Prostaglandins (Erasmus, 1999). When the ratio of the initial starting compounds is shifted in favour of LA however, it becomes more difficult for the products from LNA to sufficiently promote the retention of AA within the cell membrane. The resultant increase in type 2 Prostaglandin production leads to increased platelet aggregation and inflammation (Erasmus, 1999). The benefits of having the proper ratios of fatty acids, with respect to the metabolized products of LA and LNA, are the production of the proper amounts of Prostanoids and Leukotrienes which have anti-thrombotic, anti-vasoconstrictive and anti-inflammatory properties (Simopoulos, 1994).

Cannabidiol (CBD) has also been found to be present in Hemp Seed Oil as well. Although not explicitly produced within the seed, traces of Cannabinoid "contamination" have been reported to result from the pressing of the oil. The presence of CBD is significant because it has documented anti-convulsive, anti-epileptic, anti-cancer and anti-microbial properties. Although the levels of CBD in the oil are typically small, many health benefits may still be gained from its presence.

While many studies exist which base the nutritional value of Hemp Seed Oil primarily on its fatty acid content, there are other constituents which are contained within the oil that possess beneficial properties as well. Natural products such as ß-sitosterol and Methyl Salicylate and Terpenes complement the nutritious value of Hemp Seed Oil and increases its effectiveness as a functional food.

Hemp Seed Oil has a high content of the enzyme lipase, which is a superior non-invasive chelation therapy for removing plaque build-up (undigested protein and cholesterol) from arteries and cell membrane.

As mentioned before, Hemp Seed Oil is mostly known for its high quality and quantity Essential Fatty Acids. However, the oil also contain other natural occurring products. These natural products, such as Cannabidiol, ß-Caryophyllene, Myrcene, ß-Sitosterol, a/?-Tocopherol,and Methyl Salicylate may confer further health benefits to Hemp Seed Oil in addition to fatty acids.

Cannabidiol

Pharmacological Properties of Cannabidiol. Cannabidiol (CBD) has been shown to possess several desirable pharmacological proper ties which are exhibited in absence of the psychoactive properties of THC (Karler & Turkanis, 1981), which are usually associated with the cannabinoids. Although the levels of CBD normal detected in the oil is low, normally at 10 mg/kg, its presence could still provide some benefit. CBD has been reported to reduce tremors in dystonic movement disorders with minimal side effects (Consroe et al., 1986). Patients receiving doses of CBD ranging from 100-600 mg/day had tremor reductions of 20-50% (Consroe et al., 1986). The anticonvulsant and anti-epileptic activity of CBD has also been well documented (Karler et al., 1973; Karler & Turkanis, 1981). CBD has been found to be relatively selective with respect to the central nervous system (CNS), in contrast to THC (Karler & Turkanis, 1981). Its anti-convulsant activity is on the same order of magnitude of THC, but unlike THC, it lacks psychoactivity. CBD's added efficacy as an anti-epileptic, without the associated side effects of psycho-activity, give it great pharmacological potential.

Analgesic and anti-inflammatory potential has been reported in studies as well (Formukong et al., 1988). CBD has been shown to inhibit both the induction of phenyl benzoquinone (PBQ) induced writhing and tetradecanoyl phorbol-acetate (TPA) induced erythema (Formukong et al., 1988). The mechanism by which CBD achieves its anti-inflammatory properties is possibly related toits effect on arachidonate metabolism (Formukong et al., 1988).

Anti-microbial activity has also been reported for CBD. Specifically, CBD has been shown to inhibit the growth in Gram-positive bacteria such as Streptomyces griseus and Staphylococcus aureus (Ferenczy et al. 1958).

ß-Sitosterol

Another component of Hemp Seed Oil with several reported activities is ß-sitosterol. Although studies have primarily demonstrated the efficacy of ß-sitosterol in reducing hypercholesterolemia, additional anti-viral, anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory properties have been studied and observed (Malini & Vanithakumari, 1990).

Plant sterols have been known to affect plasma cholesterol levels by blocking cholesterol absorption through crystallization and co-precipitation (Mattson et al., 1982). Within the intestinal lumen, phytosterols reduce cholesterol solubility by excluding it from micelles, thereby preventing its absorption. In addition, competition exists between the sterols and cholesterol for uptake into the intestinal mucosa (Lees et al., 1977). A quantitative representation of this can be seen in human studies.

Patients given 500 mg of cholesterol daily in their diets in addition to 1 g of ß-Sitosterol showed decreased cholesterol absorption. Mean reduction levels were 42%, demonstrating the efficacy of ß-Sitosterol even at low concentrations (Mattson et al., 1982

ß-Sitosterol seems to be particularly effective in cholesterol uptake inhibition, especially when delivered through dietary fats (Lees et al., 1977; Mattson et al., 1982). No appreciable decreases in efficacy were observed, even with long-term administration (Lees et al., 1977). In addition, lack of toxicity and little, or no side effects have been attributed to ß-Sitosterol, making it an attractive option for long-term cholesterol reducing therapy (Lees et al., 1977; Mattson et al., 1982).

Although not studied as extensively as its hypocholesterolemic properties, relevant anti-viral and anti-inflammatory activities of ß-sitosterol have been shown. Isolated ethanolic extracts of Hedychium spicatum containing ß-Sitosterolshowed anti-inflammatory activity (Sharma et al., 1975).

Tocopherols

Anti-oxidant properties of Tocopherol s have been known and exploited for some time. Traditional supplementation of Tocopherol s has primarily focused on its a form. Many plants however, including hemp, tend to have significantly higher levels of ?-Tocopherol . Although both exhibit antioxidant activity, their differing metabolic paths confer other specific activities to their respective isomeric forms.

a-Tocopherol is the primary (usually exclusive) Tocopherol in formulated vitamin E supplements. It is preferentially secreted into plasma as opposed to ?-Tocopherol which tends to be found in the intestine (Stone & Papas, 1997). It is a-Tocopherol's concentration in the plasma that gives it properties other than that of an antioxidant. a-Tocopherol may induce increased membrane fluidity through intercalation between fatty acyl chains in the membrane bilayer (Berlin et al.1992). Data suggests that there is a direct correlation between increased fluidity and a-Tocopherol content in the membrane (Berlin et al., 1992).

The biological activity of a-Tocopherol tends to be significantly higher than Y-Tocopherol as a result of its greater affinity to be secreted by the liver into very-low density lipoproteins (Stone & Papas, 1997).

 

This increased bioactivity does not however, make a-Tocopherol a more effective antioxidant; ?-Tocopherol inhibits phosphatidylcholinehydroperoxide formation more effectively at low peroxynitrite concentrations than does a-Tocopherol (Wolf, 1997). ?-Tocopherol has been shown to have significant antioxidant effects in vitro even at concentrations less than 50 ppm (Lampi, Hopia, & Piironen, 1997). In addition, Y-Tocopherol is overall more effective in protecting against coronary heart disease, as compared to a-Tocopherol supplementation (Wolf, 1997).

Perhaps the most interesting activity of Y-Tocopherol which has not yet been widely studied, is its ability to act as an anti-cancer agent, specifically with respect to colon cancer. Because ?-Tocopherol is secreted via the bile into the intestine and faecal material, it can inhibit lipid peroxidation and reduce the formation of mutagenic peroxidation products in the bowel (Stone & Papas, 1997). Ultimately, by being excreted into the colon, as opposed to being active in the plasma, Y-Tocopherol is able to minimize DNA damage caused by reactive nitrogen oxide species (Stone & Papas, 1997).

Within Hemp Seed Oil, Y-Tocopherol is present in significantly higher quantities than a-Tocopherol . They both however, play an important role as antioxidants in their respective physiological systems.

 

Terpenes

 

The presence of several terpenes were confirmed in the oil, the most abundant of which were ß-caryophyllene and myrcene which were found at 740 mg/L and 160 mg/L, respectively. The Terpene compounds are primarily found in the essential oil of Hemp rather than in the seed oil (Hendriks et al., 1978), as a result of their production in the glandular structures on the aerial portions of the plant. These terpenes impart Hemp with its characteristic smell.

Some pharmacological properties of ß-caryophyllene are anti-inflammatory and cytoprotective activities. In addition, it has been reported that myrcene exhibits anti-oxidant properties (Duke, 1999).

The presence of ß-caryophyllene and myrcene, even if only present as contamination components, add beneficial value to an already nutritionally important food product.

Methyl Salicylate (Oil of Wintergreen)

The medical benefits of plant salicylates have been enjoyed by people for centuries. Today aspirin or acetylsalicylic acid, a close relative of methyl salicylate, is one of the most widely used drugs in the world because of its antipyretic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. Once injected, methyl salicylate can be hydrolyzed to salicylic acid, a common active ingredient of aspirin and most other salicylates. Thus, pharmacological effects of methyl salicylate are similar to those of aspirin. Also, millions of people regularly take low doses of salicylates (aspirin) to reduce the risk of heart attacks, strokes and cancer. Methyl salicylate deserves particular attention as a beneficial component of Hemp Seed Oil, even if present in trace quantities.

Vegan - Vegetarian - Preservative Free - Organic

Hemptons are a Johannesburg based company that have been manufacturing natural and organic Hemp based nutritional supplements, foods and body care since 2004.

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Small Items 5kg and under R75, Medium sized 5kg - 15kg R150, Large bulk orders 15kg and above R200. Shipping times 2 - 15 working days. There can on occasions be unforeseen courier delays. Please note : Some seeds can have a delay of up to 3 weeks. We rely on our suppliers for up to date stock lists. On rare occasion there can be stock lists provided that are inaccurate we will then gladly offer an alternative or better deal or your money back in full no questions asked. 

   

2 - 15 days delivery. We cannot be held responsible for courier delays. Some seeds can have a delay of up to 3 weeks. We buy in bulk and offer wholesale prices direct to the public to bring the best offers and the lowest prices. We rely on our suppliers for up to date stock lists. On rare occasion there can be stock lists provided that are inaccurate we will then gladly offer an alternative or better deal or your money back in full no questions asked.

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Returns are easy, simply contact us for a returns number and send your item to our returns centre for fast processing. We'll get you a replacement or refund in a snap!

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